Identifying “clear winged” ash borer.
Although we’re not faced with the tenacious emerald ash borer yet ( they predict it will make its way to Colorado in 5-10 years) we have our own Denver ash borer that preys on our Colorado Ash trees. While the following tips help you identify ash borer success in your ash tree, it’s more helpful to watch out for these symptoms in neighboring ash trees before they try to make a move on your tree. Here is what to look for.
Host plants (Denver):
- ash trees
- lilac bushes
- Less common in alder, maple
What to look for?
- Wasp-like insects about a quarter inch long, narrow front wings and shorter, wider hind wings.
- Trunk injury and emergence holes.
- Brown frass (sawdusty material) around bark cracks and bark wounds.
- Thinning foliage in the crown of the tree.
Timing of the year
Ash/lilac borer and lesser peach tree borer adults begin to emerge when common lilac and Vanhoutte spirea bloom in early to mid May. Ash borer plants eggs underneath the bark and the resulting larvae bore into the trunk creating a tunneling system that damages the vascular tissue. The tunneling effect the larvae create harms the tree by ruining its ability to transport much needed water and nutrients from the roots to the branches and leaves.
Protecting your Tree from Ash Borer
The first line of defense for these pests is to have a healthy tree. Ash borer prefer stressed trees that have other problems such as but not limited to:
- lack of water
- over watering
- lack of nutrients
- being overgrown
- root damage (typically caused by construction)
- lack of room to grow (cement surrounding tree)
- physical damage ( bad trimming, hail, lawn mower, etc).
By identifying what may be stressing the tree you may be able to do a relatively easy fix that will make the tree more robust, allowing the tree to defend itself against attacks.
If the tree is nutrient deficient a deep root fertilization can strengthen the tree against these pests. Ash trees have a tendency to become overgrown quickly making it difficult for the tree to process energy. If this is the case we recommend you get a tree trimming.
A preventive Ash tree spraying is the only way to be sure your tree will not become infested. For the tree spraying to work, timing is extremely important. We recommend you spray in April and May when the ash borer is flying before it can drop its larvae in the trunk. Once the larvae bore into the trunk, they are nearly impossible to reach with a contact spray.